HaigaPoetry painting. Abbreviated playful painting, matching equally abbreviated haiku poems. A style often practiced by amateurs.
Kanô The official government painting style in Edo as well in Kyoto. Based on the Chinese styles from the Muromachi period. Painting in the broken-ink technique (hoboku) and adding color to traditional subjects.
Kishi A mixture of Nagasaki, Kanô and Maruyama-Shijô painting styles with a very characteristic brush stroke.
Maruyama A painting style developed by Maruyama Ôkyo, emphasizing the artists study of and response to nature.(Shaseiga).
MuromachiA school that originated under the influence of the Chinese Sung and Yang dynasty paintings brought to Japan by Zen monks in the 14th century.
Nagasaki-ePainting style influenced by the Chinese (and the Dutch) at Nagasaki.
Nanga Or Bunjinga, a literati painting style worshipping things Chinese, includes painting and poetry, and prizing amateur status.
Nihonga A 'native' Japanese style developed in the Meiji period by teachers at the newly established academies. Mixed traditional Japanese styles mixed with Western techniques. Marked differences apparent between the Tokyo and Kyoto based Nihonga artists.
Rimpa Decorative painting style.
Shijô Closely related to Maruyama painting, but slightly more poetic, less restricted and with a more daring brush.
Tosa Or Yamato-e style. The official court painting style, specialized in Japanese subjects. Colorful miniature like brushwork with a long tradition of panting hand scrolls (emaki). Revival in the beginning of the 19th century.
Ukiyo-e Paintings of urban life, with a particular emphasis on the pleasures of the 'floating world': prostitution, fashion, kabuki, sumo and other recreations.
Zenga Paintings, but more often calligraphies by Zen priests and laymen

Further reading:

Araki, Tsune (ed.), Dai Nihon Shôga Meika Taikan, (4 vols.), Tokyo 1975 (1934)
Berry, Paul, Unexplored avenues of Japanese painting, The Hakutan collection, Seattle 2001
Hillier, Jack, The uninhibited brush, Japanese art in the Shijô style, London 1974
Museum of Kyoto, The blooming of hundreds of flowers, painters of Edo Period Kyoto in the Heian-jimbutsu-shi, Kyoto 1998
Roberts, Lawrence P., A Dictionary of Japanese Artists, New York/Tokyo 1976
Rosenfield, John M., Extraordinary persons, Works by Eccentric, Nonconformist Japanese Artists of the Early Modern Era (1580-1868) in the Collection of Kimiko and John Power (3 vols), Cambridge (Mass) 1999
Schaap, Robert, A brush with animals, Japanese pianting 1700-1950, Leiden/Boston 2007

Aburai Ichinin, Nijû Seiki Bukkosuru nihonga kajiten (List of late Nihonga painters from the 20th century), Tokyo 1998
Conant, E. P., Nihonga, Transcending The Past: Japanese-Style Painting 1868-1968, Saint Louis 1995
Morioka, M. & P. Berry, Modern Masters of Kyoto, The transformation of Japanese Painting Traditions, Nihonga from the Griffith and Patricia Way Collection, Seattle 1999

Nanga / bunjin

Beerens, Anna, Friends, acquaintances, pupils and patrons; Japanese intellectual life in the late eighteenth century: A prosopographical approach, Leiden 2006
Berry, Paul & Michiyo Morioka, Literati Modern, Bunjinga from late Edo to twentieth century Japan, The Terry Welch collection at the Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu 2008
Graham, Patricia, J., Tea of the sages: The Art of Sencha, Honolulu 1998

Lewis, Robert E., Zen grove handbook, New York 2001
Moog, Eike, Handbuch Japanischer Priester, Mönche und Nonnen. Schrift und Malerei; Köln 1995
Morikami Museum, Zenmi - A taste of Zen. Paintings, calligraphy, and ceramics from the Riva Lee Asbell collection, Delray Beach 2011
Seo, Audrey Yoshiko & Stephen Addiss, The Art of Twentieth-century Zen, Paintings and Calligraphy by Japanese Masters, Boston/London 1998
Stevens, John, Zenga, Brushstrokes of Enlightenment, New Orleans 1990

Eastburn Melanie, Lucie Folan & Robyn Maxwell, Black robe White mist, art of the Japanese Buddhist nun Rengetsu, Canberra 2007
Kato, Ruiko, Tessai and his teachers and friends, Kyoto 1998
Kyoto National Museum of Modern Art, Tsuji Kakô Exhibition, Kyoto 2006
Oita Museum, Tanomura Chikuden, Oita 1982
Shiga prefectural museum of modern arts, Special exhibition, Yamamoto Shunkyo, Shiga 1985
Suzuki, Susumu (ed.), Shazan-rô Tani Bunchô, Edo nanga no sôsui: Tani Bunchô, Tochigi 1979