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47. Fûgai Honkô (1779-1847)
Summer landscape with a retreat in the mountains
Signed: Kôseki Fûgai shai
Seals: Kôyû
Technique: sumi and a little green and pink on paper, 114.8 x 290.5
Mounting: off-white damask
185 x 45.7
Condition: a few tiny insignificant restored holes at the top of the mounting, otherwise very good

inscription reads: 春山無友独相求 
Shunzan tomo na hito ai seto mu
In the mountains of spring, no-one with me, I will do well on my own.
(A line from a poem by Du Fu 杜甫 (712-770); 題張氏隱居 Ti Zhang-shi yinju)

Fûgai was born in a poor family of farmers in a small village near Ise. At the age of eight he entered a Buddhist monastery. After seeing a painting by Tanke Gessen he decided to become a painter. At the Ryûmanji temple while studying Buddhism under Genrô Ôryû (1720-1813) he took the name Honkô around the year 1800. He became a priest of the Sôtô sect at thirty and eventually succeeded his teacher. As was common among priests Fûgai traveled widely between 1812-1818, in which he also held a number of posts before settling down. It is said that in one of those travels he met with a large number of paintings by Ike no Taiga (1723-1776) in the Katsube collection. This should explain his style, which leans heavily to that of Taiga.

Toyota 2008
Addiss'75 # 10-11
Addiss'76 # 27
Addiss'86 # 47
Moog p. 103